Kangaroo Gruff

Literacy Pathways Trasnistion to School Program(Dalaigur Pre-School & Children’s Services)

 We used a multi-sensory approach to our story.

We read The Three Kangaroo Gruff story and discussed several points being:-

The front, the middle and the back of the book, we looked at the pictures and predicted the story and discussed what the main characters would be.

We also discussed the sizes of the Kangaroo brothers little, middle, and big sizes.

We had focus words that the children identified in the story and as they heard the focus word they put their card up. Focus words for this story was kangaroo, bunyips, summer, grass.

We talk about the letters g, k, b, s, and discussed what sound the letters make with the tongue and our Arthur puppet, we traced the letters using turtle talk.



Magic Letters

Here the children are drawing their favourite letter and saying the sound with wax and using a water paint revealing with glue their letter to their friends.


 The children copy their focus words to the story using turtle talk and articulation. 

We follow this up with syllable segmentation so the children can develop skills in working out the words for latter literacy.

  “The activities develop awareness of the Alphabetic Principle- that letters roughly represent segments of one’s own speech-  Moats 1998”


The children used the kangaroo cut outs to discuss positioning and sizes of the kangaroos, we could also gauge whether the children could sequence the story whilst doing this activity.


Here the children acted out the story of the Kangaroos going over the bridge note the children had put themselves into sizes before they cross and the Bunyip was underneath. This was a free play activity.

 Again the children had opportunities to revisit the kangaroo story in small play area where they had the written words in front of them and also recalled story in sequence.  With pictures and words wambyun Dunghutti word meaning Kangaroo.

The children also expressed story with emotions and using tone in voice.

With this activity the children matched the paper patterns not the shape as they seemed irregular. They did spend time here and enjoyed the challenge. But one child who had big and small said the shapes doesn’t match only the paper.

      Music plays

An important part in culture and language .

The Uncles with the boys learnt to play the didgeridoo listening to kangaroo sounds and attempting to copy. The girls were given the opportunity to play the clap sticks, as well as, playing the drum to the sound of a kangaroo crossing over the bridge.


Uncle John assists the children in understanding the waterhole and meeting place of where the animals meet. He demonstrates how a Kangaroo moves and how the Kangaroo is the Watcher the protector of the Mob.


By basing our program on Gardiners eight ways of learning we are able to cover the children’s literacy learning and cultural learning easily. We have also covered all outcomes of the Early Years Learning Framework:
1. Children have a strong sense of identity as children trust the world and feel safe to explore, they learn more about the world and themselves.
2. Children are connected with and contribute to their world as the re enact the story and gather together the literacy skills and language that assists them to develop a sense of belonging and comfort in their environment with the bridging of Indigenous culture and mainstream.
3. Children have a strong sense of wellbeing as they practice their new skills, and are confident to show to their peers and teachers. As well as, given opportunities to interpret a story in culturally appropriate mediums.
4 Children are confident and involved learners as they stay on tasks and happily work in small groups to re-enact story or interpret story to have different endings.
5. Children are effective communicators as they use their body, face, voice, as well as, drama, music and art to tell a story on many different levels.

Preschool Profiles
The children know a book is read for a purpose, it is read from top to bottom and front to back, that words have meaning (especially our focus words) and the squiggles and symbols have meaning both culturally and mainstream.

The children have learnt spatial awareness through turtle talk that letters need to have space separating them and certain letters have certain lines. They have learnt about patterns and symbols and sequencing.
The children have learnt rhythm beat, loud and soft; as well as, positioning in letter writing and under, over etc.